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Cairo

About Cairo

Cairo is not only the capital of Egypt, it also is the biggest city in the Middle-East. The city is located in the north of Cairo and has a population of about eight million people. Cairo plays an important role in the Arabic world, when it comes to religion, culture and politics.  It's also the main traffic hub in Egypt.

Tourists visit this city mostly because of the historic monuments, the old town and of course the pyramids. Those are not located in Cairo but the Pyramids Road is linking them to central Cairo. In the following we want to give you an impression of what you can see when you visit this wonderful city.

Pyramids of Giza

Pyramids of Giza

The Pyramids of Giza are one of the Seven Wonders of the World and since 1979, the pyramid complex is on the UNESCO world heritage list. The complex consists of the following pyramids:

  • Great Pyramid of Giza (aka Pyramid of Cheops)
  • Pyramid of Khafre (aka Pyramid of Chephren)
  • Pyramid of Menkaure (aka Pyramid of Mykerinos)

Great Pyramid of Giza (Pyramid of Cheops)

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest and also oldest pyramid in the complex. It belongs to the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and in contrast to the other six wonders, it is the only one that still exists. Most Egyptologists believe that this pyramid was built around 2560 BC over a 20-year period as a tomb for the Egyptian pharaoh Cheops. It was not only big for it's time, in fact it took another 3800 years until it was not the largest man-made structure in the world anymore. The exact height is 138.8 meters but it used to be a few meters higher. There are also three subsidiary pyramids that belong to the Great Pyramid of Giza: The Queens' Pyramids. As you can already tell by their name, those pyramids belonged to the wife’s of Cheops.

Pyramid of Khafre (Pyramid of Chephren)

The Pyramid of Khafre is located in the middle of the other two Pyramids of Giza and with a height of 136.4 meters, it is only a little smaller than the Great Pyramid of Giza. It also is the second-oldest pyramid of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and was built as a tomb for the pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who was the leader of this country from 2558 to 2532 BC. You might get the impression that the Pyramid of Khafre is the largest pyramid in the complex but that is only because it was built on a slightly higher plateau.

Pyramid of Menkaure (Pyramid of Mykerinos)

The Pyramid of Menkaure is very small compared to the other two pyramids in the complex. It was built as a tomb for pharaoh Mykerinos, who ruled from 2532 to 2503 BC. This pyramid also has three small subsidiary pyramids that were built for the wife’s of Mykerinos.

If you want to shoot some really great photos of the Pyramids of Giza, it's a good idea to visit them after sunrise. The morning light creates a mystic atmosphere and lets the pyramids appear even more impressive than they already are.

The Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum

If you want to see a huge collection of Pharaonic antiquities there is no way around the Egyptian Museum. The museum is located directly at the Tahrir Square, so it is very easy to spot it. The museum houses more than 120,000 objects from about 5,000 years of Egypt's past and is the biggest museum in the world showing Egyptian Art! You get to see the treasures of Tutankhamu, New Kingdom royal mummies, old jewels, small statues and much more!

Inside the museum there is a library with more than 42.000 books but also magazines and periodicals in various languages. Most of the books are about the old Egyptian civilization, which covers arts, literature, history and many other topics. Not everybody can go into the library and read or borrow a book though. You have to be a researcher or a student to do so and even if you meet the requirements, there are strict rules.

If you want to visit this museum you should take your time. It will take at least half a day only to see the most important art objects.

Great Sphinx of Giza

Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Sphinx of Giza is a huge limestone statue with a large lion's body and a human head. The statue is located on the Giza Plateau near to the Giza pyramid complex and was built about 4000 years ago. There are some scientists that believe that it could even be up to 8000 years old. No visit to Egypt is complete without visiting the Great Sphinx of Giza!

Mosque of Muhammad Ali

Mosque of Muhammad Ali

The Mosque of Muhammad Ali was completed in 1848 and can be found in the Citadel of Cairo. While the height of the building is 52 meters, it has elegant and large twin minarets which each have a height of 82 meters. This place is not only a tourist attraction because of the mosque, you also have a perfect sight on the whole city and when the weather is good, you can even see the Pyramids of Giza.

Museum of Islamic Art

The Museum of Islamic Art is one of the biggest Islamic museums on this planet and houses an amazing collection of plaster artefacts, woodwork, textile objects and more. It covers every period and has art work from nearly every Islamic country.