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Italy

About Italy

Italy is one of the most popular travel destinations in Europe. From a geographical point of view Italy is a peninsula, because all 20 regions of this country are located by the sea. Since Italy has a coastline of more than 7600 km, it is not surprising that Italy is very popular among beach vacationers. But the interior has much to offer, too. The Southern Europe parliamentary republic is known for its exquisite cuisine, its romantic scenery and the high density of interesting sights. In fact, there is no other European country with more UNESCO World Heritage sites than Italy.

Many monuments, places and attractions can be found in the following Italian cities:

• Milan
• Rome
• Naples
• Cagliari
• Pisa
• Bari

Below we would like to present you a few details about these cities, including interesting buildings, monuments and other highlights.

 

Milan

The old Town

Milan is a metropolis of 1.3 million people and behind Rome the second largest city of Italy. The city is well known for its fashion, culture and media industry and also plays an important role as an international financial center.

Milan is full of interesting buildings, monuments and other sights. One of the main attractions of this lovely city is the Cathedral of Milan. With its length of 157 meters and width of 109 meters, the church is the third largest church in the world. The Cathedral is located in the center of Milan and characterized by very high glass windows, about 4,000 statues and 135 impressive spires. Due to its height of 107 meters, the famous monument offers a wonderful view of the city on its observation deck.

In the northwest of the old town you can find the castle "Castello Sforzesco", which is another noteworthy attraction of the city. Well known architects, painters and sculptors were involved in the construction of this massive building. The most famous person who was part of the creation process was Leonardo Da Vinci. Today, the castle houses the following museums in its large halls:

• Museum of Ancient Art
• Pinacoteca (Art Museum)
• Museum of Musical Instruments
• Furniture Museum
• Museum for Pre- and Early History
• Egyptian Museum
• Decorative Art Collections

Other attractions in Milan:

Other remarkable attractions in Milan are the "Navigli" canals, the eight-story luxury department store "La Rinascente" and the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie. The shopping center "Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II", the Opera House "Teatro alla Scala" and the romantic castle park "Parco Sempione" are also worth a visit.

Top 10 attractions in Milan:

1. Duomo di Santa Maria Nascente (Milan Cathedral)
2. Castello Sforzesco
3. Navigli
4. La Rinascente
5. Santa Maria delle Grazie
6. Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II
7. Teatro alla Scala
8. Parco Sempione
9. Chiesa di San Maurizio al Monastero Maggiore
10. Pinacoteca di Brera

Rome

The Königsallee

Rome is the capital of Italy and home to about 2.8 million inhabitants. The historic city has a huge selection of museums, impressive buildings and other sight-seeing opportunities.

The landmark of the city is the Colosseum. It used to be an amphitheater about 2000 years ago, where various, mostly cruel events, took place. Even today, you can see parts of the impressive basement and stage technology but also the arrangement of the seats in the ruin.

The Roman Forum is another tourist attraction of Rome. Just like the Colosseum, the Roman Forum is a ruin today, because in the course of time bricks where removed from the building for the construction of other buildings, such as the St. Peter's Basilica. But there are a few well-preserved elements, such as the Arch of Titus.

Visiting the Vatican City in Rome is a special experience. There you can go to the elliptical shaped Piazza San Pietro (St. Peter's Square), which was built from 1656-1667. If you visit this place on a Wednesday, you have the opportunity to listen to the general audience of the Pope.

Other interesting sights of the city are the Pantheon, the Trevi Fountain and the Roman Catholic Church St. Peter's Basilica.

Top 10 attractions in Rome:

1. Colosseum
2. The Roman Forum
3. Piazza San Pietro (St. Peter's Square)
4. Pantheon
5. Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)
6. St. Peter's Basilica
7. Piazza Navona
8. Scalinata di Trinità dei Monti (Spanish Steps)
9. Piazza del Campidoglio (Capitol Square)
10. Basilica San Pietro in Vincoli

Naples

Rheinturm

Naples is one of the biggest cities in Italy and from the late Middle Ages to the 18th century it was one of the largest cities in Europe. The metropolis is an important cultural and economic center in the south of Italy.

The tourist attractions of the city include a lot of buildings, churches and museums, which are mostly located in the old town. The old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and characterized by numerous narrow streets, hidden churches and a very lively atmosphere. The largest church located in the old town is the Cathedral of San Gennaro. This cathedral is also known beyond the borders of Naples for the so-called blood miracle that takes place at this location. Believers and art lovers should also visit the baroque church Gesù Nuovo, the Gothic church San Lorenzo Maggiore and the mysterious Chapel Sansevero.

About 40 meters below the surface of the old city you can find is another world: The "Napoli Sotterranea" tunnel system. The system consists of corridors and caves with a total length of 80 km and can be entered at several entrances.

If you are interested in archeology, it's a good idea to visit the Archaeological National Museum of Naples. In this museum you can see one of the most important archaeological collections in the world. These include the collection Farnesse, Greek and Roman sculptures, the Egyptian collection and prehistoric finds.

In the following we want to present you the main attractions in a top 10 list.

Top 10 attractions in Naples:

1. Centro Storico (old town)
2. Museo Archeologico Nazionale (National Archaeological Museum)
3. Napoli Sotterranea (Naples underworld)
4. Palazzo Reale
5. Duomo di San Gennaro (Naples Cathedral)
6. Real Teatro di San Carlo
7. Piazza del Plebiscito
8. La Galleria Umberto I.
9. Il Cimitero delle Fontanelle
10. Castello Nuovo

Cagliari

Der Medienhafen

Cagliari is the capital of the island of Sardinia. The city was founded in the 7th century BC and built on seven hills. With a total area of about 85 square meters and with about 156,000 inhabitants, Cagliari is rather small in an international comparison with other tourist cities but it still has longest beach of the Mediterranean Sea. Almost all sights in this typical Italian city can easily be reached on foot or by public transportation.

The center of the city hosts a lot of romantic places with palm trees, impressive buildings with imposing facades and old cathedrals. Since the old town is located on the top of a hill, you have a magnificent view of the entire Gulf of Cagliari from there.

One of the most famous sights in Cagliari is the Santa Maria di Castello church. Although the construction of the cathedral began in the 13th century, it took many centuries until it was considered finished. Another church worth a visit is the "Basilika Nostra Signora di Bonaria".

With the following top 10 list we want to help you to get an overview of the main attractions in Cagliari.

Top 10 attractions in Cagliari:

1. Castello (old town)
2. Santa Maria
3. Basilika Nostra Signora di Bonaria"
4. Port of Cagliari
5. Via Roma (harborside)
6. Via Manu (shopping street)
7. Bastione San Remy
8. Elephant Tower
9. Castello San Michele
10. Il Poetto

Pisa

Basel

The Italian city Pisa mostly known for its Leaning Tower of Pisa. The tower consists of marble and has a height of about 55-meters. It is the landmark of Pisa and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The construction of the tower began in 1173 and was completed after a long pause in 1372. Due to security reasons, entering the tower is only possible for a maximum of 40 visitors at a time.

Another attraction that you should take a look at in Pisa is the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta. The construction of this cathedral was finished in the 14th century. The Dom is mainly made of Carrara marble and characterized by its fascinating western facade and the mosaic in the choir apse.

Another special attraction is the Botanical Garden of Pisa. This is one of the oldest botanical gardens in the world and a perfect location to relax after a busy day of sightseeing. The garden houses about 550 plant species, numerous trees and a pond with sweet little turtles.

Pisa has not quite as much to offer as Milan or Rome when it comes to sights but it still has a high density of attractions. With the following list we would like to show you the main attractions of this lovely city.

Top 10 attractions in Pisa:

1. Torre pendente (Leaning Tower of Pisa)
2. Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta
3. Old Town of Pisa
4. Botanical Garden of Pisa
5. San Michele in Borgo
6. Battistero di Pisa (Baptistery)
7. Monumental Cemetery (monumental cemetery)
8. Museo Nazionale di San Matteo
9. Museo dell 'opera del duomo
10. Palazzo Blu Museum

Bari

Basel

Bari is not only the capital of the Italian region of Apulia, it's also a major port city of the Adriatic Sea with ferries going to Greece, Albania and Croatia. Bari is also the second most important economic center in southern Italy. The city has a very nice coast with an omnipresent nature. But there are also lots of restaurants, beaches and discos along the coast.

The most significant sight in Bari is the Basilica San Nicola, which was built from 1087 to 1106. It's an important pilgrimage destination for Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christians and one of the world's most visited churches.

In the following we want to show you the main attractions of Bari in a top 10 list.

Top 10 attractions in Bari:

1. Basilica San Nicola
2. Fish market on the Porto Vecchio
3. Cathedral of San Sabino
4. Museo Archeologico Nazionale
5. Festa di San Nicola
6. Castello Svevo di Bari (Swabian Castle)
7. Teatro Piccinni
8. Pinacoteca Metropolitana di Bari
9. Alberobello (Bari)
10. Foresta di Mercadante (Bari)